The adult mouse, including the tail, is around 150mm long and they are omnivores; they eat anything! Mice are only pregnant for three weeks and the young are hairless and feed off the mother's milk for three weeks. The house mouse can have 5 - 14 baby mice in a litter and may have 8-10 litters a year. This means that a house mouse infestation can build up very quickly.
Mice urinate and defecate constantly, contaminating work surfaces or even food left out in the kitchen. An infestation of mice is quite easy to see because a house mouse typically does 80 droppings a day. Diseases associated with mice include Murine Typhus, Trichinosis and Salmonellosis (Food poisoning) and therefore pest control for mice is very important.
Good hygiene and proofing should be part of an integrated pest control management program. So different techniques for mouse treatments may be needed. Skill, knowledge, thorough training and the safe use of pesticides are essential for the successful control of mice.
Mice walk, run and stand on all fours. They can stand on the hind legs, as well, and are supported by the tail, which also provides balance while in motion. The house mouse has a sharp sense of hearing and communicates with other house mice through squeaks.
Signs of Infestation:
- Holes/gnawing
- Droppings
- Smear marks
- Unpleasant smells
- Following regular routes (runs)
- Urine Pillars.