Rats are rodents and also known as the Brown Rat, Sewer Rat and Norway rat. This is the most widespread rat in the UK, the only other significant species being the black rat. The common rat is an omnivore; eats anything! Large rat can squeeze through a gap of only 25mm and enters buildings via broken drains, adjoining walls, subterranean conduits or broken vents and holes outside. Brown rats are only pregnant for three weeks and can have 6 - 11 babies in a litter resulting in a rat infestation building up very quickly.
Pest control of rats is very important as an infestation of rats can cause many problems including gnawing damage to goods and structures, contamination of food and of course disease including the potentially fatal Weil's disease and salmonellosis (food poisoning).
Will climb, jump, burrow or swim.
- Will live in urban and rural areas.
- Access through drainage/sewer pipes, down pipes, holes in walls, gaps under doors, etc. roof spaces, ducts, pipes, beams, cables.
Signs of Infestation:
- Holes/gnawing.
- Droppings.
- Smear marks.
- Unpleasant smells.
- Following regular routes (runs.)
- Urine Pillar

Weil’s disease is transmitted by rat or mouse urine contaminating water. It enters the body through unhealed cuts in the skin or through the eyes, mouth, nose or ears. Not generally associated with domestic settings, Weil’s disease is more likely to be a risk in environments such as farms. Flu-like symptoms develop into far more serious conditions such as meningitis, renal failure or liver damage. Not just a risk to humans, this disease can also be picked up by pets.